(October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962)
Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest serving First lady but is more remembered for her involvement in the Women’s rights movement and the Civil Rights Movement. She redefined the role of a presidential spouse by being the first to hold press conferences and speak at a national convention, and write a syndicated newspaper column. As One of the first members of the United nations, she oversaw the drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Letters released in 1997 reveal a deeply passionate relationship with lifelong companion Lorena Hickok that most scholars argue was indeed romantic.